STUDY IN LATVIA

LATVIA EDUCATION SYSYTEM

Education system

In Latvia, there is both state-financed and fee-paying higher education. In order to single out the most able students, whose studies are publicly financed, higher education institutions carry out a procedure of student selection. Latvia successfully participates in the establishment of the European higher education area, that promotes mobility, attracts students and staff from Europe and as well as from other parts of world and is internationally competitive. Higher education institutions of Latvia are active members of international cooperation in the field of education and research. Institutions of higher education promote the development of student competitiveness in the dynamically changing socioeconomic environment in the local and international labour markets.

The Latvian higher education system is part of the Bologna process, and, correspondingly, follows the so-called 3-cycle system, where the 1st cycle includes an academic or professional Bachelor degree, the 2nd cycle includes an academic or professional Master degree and the 3rd cycle includes the Doctoral degree. Academic credits in academic and professional programmes may be transferred in order to adjust one's education path to one's specific needs. Only graduates holding a master's degree or equivalent higher education diploma may take up doctoral studies. These last three to four years, involving advanced studies, examinations and the preparation and defence of a doctoral thesis.

The system of higher education of Latvia sets a difference between academic and professional higher education. Most of the institutions of higher education offer both academic and professional higher education degree.

Academic higher education programmes:

are based upon fundamental and/or applied science; they usually comprise a thesis at the end of each stage and lead to a Bachelor's degree and Master's degree Duration of Bachelor's programmes may be 3 or 4 years.

Professional higher education programmes:

are based upon fundamental and applied science that ensures opportunities to prepare for professional activities. In total the duration of professional study programmes is not less than 4 years after secondary education and not less than 2 years after college education. The length of the first level of professional higher education or college education (2-3 years); second level of professional higher education or bachelor degree lasts 4 years but professional Master's studies 1-2 years. Doctoral studies last 3-4 full-time years.


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